- Of Tuscan origin, the Barberini settled in Florence in the 11th century where they became part of the merchant class. In 1623, their prominence increased when Cardinal Maffeo Barberini ascended the papal throne as Pope Urban VIII and showered his family with favors. He elevated his brother Antonio and nephews Francesco and Antonio to the cardinalate, and his nephew Taddeo he appointed prefect of Rome and prince of Palestrina. The benefices amassed by these individuals enriched the family in great measure, allowing them to spend generously on the arts. In 1628-1633, Carlo Maderno designed for them a magnificent palazzo in Rome that in the early 1630s was frescoed by Andrea Sacchi, Pietro da Cortona, and others with impressive scenes that spoke of the family's sociopolitical eminence. When Urban was succeeded by Innocent X, the Barberini were accused of misappropriating public funds. Their possessions were seized and they were forced to leave Rome. They took refuge in France, where Cardinal Jules Mazarin, first minister to Louis XIV, offered them protection. Mazarin eventually persuaded Innocent to recant the accusations by threatening to invade the Papal States, and the Barberini were able to return to Rome, though they were never to regain the social position they enjoyed during Urban's reign.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
Look at other dictionaries:
Barberini Family — ▪ Roman family an aristocratic Roman family, originally of Barberino in the Else valley; they later settled first in Florence and then in Rome, where they became wealthy and powerful. Antonio Barberini defended Florence in 1530 and… … Universalium
Barberini — The Barberini are a family of the Italian nobility that rose to prominence in 17th century Rome. Their influence peaked with the election of Cardinal Maffeo Barberini to the papal throne in 1623, as Pope Urban VIII. Their urban palace, the… … Wikipedia
Maffeo Barberini (1631-1685) — Maffeo Barberini Prince of Palestrina Bust of Maffeo Barberini by Lorenzo Ottoni (1648 1736) Successor … Wikipedia
Carlo Barberini (1562-1630) — Not to be confused with his grandson, Cardinal Carlo Barberini. Carlo Barberini (28 May 1562 – 26 February 1630) was an Italian nobleman of the Barberini family, Duke of Monterotondo and brother of Maffeo Barberini, who was elected to the papal… … Wikipedia
Francesco Barberini (seniore) — Francesco Barberini seniore (September 23, 1597 December 10, 1679) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, a member of the powerful Barberini family.BiographyHe was born in Florence to Carlo Barberini and Costanza Magalotti.He… … Wikipedia
Colonna family — Colonna redirects here. For other uses, see Colonna (disambiguation). Arms of the Colonna family. The Colonna family is an Italian noble family; it was powerful in medieval and Renaissance Rome, supplying one Pope and many other Church and… … Wikipedia
Allegory of Divine Providence and Barberini Power (Cortona) — The fresco of the Allegory of Divine Providence and Barberini Power [ [http://depts.washington.edu/findrome/images/imagefiles/fresco/divine.html Image Files Frescos ] ] is a masterpiece of Pietro da Cortona, filling the large ceiling of the grand … Wikipedia
Urbano Barberini (1664-1722) — Not to be confused with contemporary actor Urbano Barberini. Urbano Barberini, Prince of Palestrina (Ferdinand Voet). Urbano Barberini (1664 – 27 September 1722) was an Italian nobleman of the House of Barberini, third hereditary … Wikipedia
Palazzo Barberini — is a palace in Rome, on the piazza of the same name in Rione Trevi.The sloping site had formerly been occupied by a garden vineyard of the Sforza family, in which a palazzetto had been built in 1549. The sloping site had passed from one cardinal… … Wikipedia
Francesco Barberini (iuniore) — Not to be confused with Francesco Barberini (seniore) (1597 1679), Cardinal Nephew of Urban VIII Francesco Barberini (b. November 12, 1662 – d. August 17, 1738) was Italian cardinal of the family of Pope Urban VIII (1623 1644) and of princes of… … Wikipedia